CUSCO CITY OF THE INCAS.
The empire of the Incas, developed in Southern America, the so-called Tahuantinsuyo extended in the three regions coast, saw and jungle itself, in the countries of Peru, Colombia Pasto, equator, Bolivia, Argentinian and to river Maule hot pepper with a capital city called Qosqo ( Cusco ) Center of the world, Huillcas llacta sacred city. The first inhabitants approximately .A is from 3 thousand years Before Christ, to 1200 years after Christ to depart from now on he is called Inca epoch, where the population with the first inhabitants trains brothers Ayar itself, and the First One-Handed Inca Ccapac and their wives Sucks Ocllo, in agreement the legend .La stories and archeological and anthropological sciences, 12 so-called rulers were Inca Sapac skull, mummification, in agriculture Developed big advances in medicine, trepanation extensive gardens agricultural engineers, anti-seismic constructions of stone andesite, vast knowledge social, rural and urban organizing or city with everyone else´s services, roadways today called roads of the Inca in the whole empire with paved stones and walls of defense, bridges, boardinghouses, and signals of orientation. The foundation of the city of Cusco behind the arrival of the Spaniard with another different culture in the years 1532, that style of the new so-called colonial architecture transforms temples, palaces, plazas, big houses, space organization. The city leaves becoming a symbol of crossbreeding .A splitting of the earthquake of 1650 all the colonial new constructions got destroyed remaining only the anti-seismic outer walls of the Incas. From this date cusqueño initiates the new electric current of art itself it is the school, under the Spanish influence. Like kings and viceroys and bishops. Start to art takes place of once cedar was hewn, and other and the current of the art of fresco painting, and the gold use like decoration in the temples or churches and chapels. In the city of Cusco there were several motions against the Spanish, Andean resistance. That way we refer to the first South American revolution of Túpac Amaru ( José Gabriel Condorcanqui ), in 1780, against the foreign invaders.
In 1822 the department of Cusco was created an April 26. Saint Martin’s gift José, who directed the independence of South America along with Simon Bolivar against the abuses of the Spanish reign in 1825, the one that broke with the European interference. At the present time the city is the most tourist one of the whole Peru having like natural attractions, mountains and jungle, ecological parks, humid and dry forests, the eyebrow of jungle begins from 2000 meters to 2900 meters and the mountains since 3400 to 6350 meters, mountains glaciers and the inter-Andean valleys. Develops him different weathers dry cold, maximum temperature to 24 degrees and half note to 5 degrees in winter, has two stations, I dry from April to October and of rain November to March executed where. It covers the mountains of native plants and flowers to the 5200 meters the city speaks 2 official languages, Quechua and the Spanish language or Spanish .Los itself the inhabitants are person of mixed racial ancestry with originate Quechua talking, where they keep traditions , ancestral habits where he highlights the gourmet cooking with natural food of the region. The wonder of the world to the Machu, Ollantaytambo, Pisac, Chinchero Tipon Piquillacta, Raqchi, 4 lagoon Bridge, of, everybody protected for the UNESCO.
This tour begins the revolution’s historic plaza downtown south American, where it finds two churches The cathedral and Society Of Jesus, of the epoch cologne of baroque invoice, has something of the most beautiful and significant architecture of everything her Americas, of style Gothic, renaissance constructed in the XVIIth century, on Inca walls that before it was palaces, temples and observatories.
TEMPLE OF THE SUN. QORICANCHA
With the purpose of later on beginning to deposit the Temple of the sun, that it is considered like the main religious center of the Incas. Place of worship and adoration of the sun and other gods of the conquered towns, the walls of this temple were embossed in gold before the Spanish loot, in the year of 1534, end of development and Inca climax. A capable style of stonework to resist earthquakes and the dry passage of time and rain. SAQSAYHUAMAN Saqsayhuaman, in Quechua signifies (satisfied falcon). Specifically, a construction is megalithic Cyclopean, whose weight of the stones surpasses the 120 tons, and from 6 to 7 meters of height, of style imperial Inca padded of rock fossilized of seashells, they call for your great impressive construction ( strength.), Used him for ceremonial events religious and military today to accomplish the party of sun, ( inti raymi ) every June 24 in the Inca period June 21 for the change of station winter solstice, means the first day of the year, date where they made out sacrifices of flames. Offering to the baby bottle sucks (mother earth) with corn maize liquor and predicting the ensuing year.
This enclosure marked off by definite limits better kept water sources, work of aqueduct of driving of water that led to big distances for ceremonial and domestic, invoice use of limestone, and using sealant material in the boards of stones, avoiding filtrations. Of ceremonial use to purify the incomers to the sacred Cusco. With constructions of niches or vaulted niche for the conservation of statues or mummies during each of the ceremonies.
It is constructed with purpose of military control today customs, next to the Inca side of the road or Cápac ñan eastward of Cusco, with a large fortified tower to the midway to be able to observe the 360 degrees, that enables an infinite sight to the snow-covered Salkantay. In the same place one observes (messengers or mails on foot ) . Located in one strategic point marries them of the Chasquis.
Making good use of the geographic formation, a tunnel making good use of the geological fault constructed in the heart a ritual table and niches, everything carved with a geometric precision itself.
Surrounded of outer walls of worked flints with niches, and on the tunnel this an observatory, that only can be seen with light and shade, besides the presence of a canal of stone shaped like zicsac that he represents to the river like also snake that goes down to the inter-Andean valleys.
- Professional and bilingual guide
- Tourist ticket
- Ticket for Qoricancha.